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Chapter 2 Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting






This IFRS Supplement provides expanded discussions of accounting guidance under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for the topics in Intermediate Accounting. The discussions are organized according to the chapters in Intermediate Accounting (13th or 14th Editions) and therefore can be used to supplement the U.S. GAAP requirements as presented in the textbook. Assignment material is provided for each supplement chapter, which can be used to assess and reinforce student understanding of IFRS.

A conceptual framework establishes the concepts that underlie financial
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Both bond issues have a stated interest rate of 8.5 percent. At what amounts should Sunshine or the buyers of the bonds record them? What is the amount of the premium or discount on the bonds? And how should Sunshine amortize this amount, if the bond redemption payments are to be made in silver (the future value of which is unknown at the date of issuance)? Consider that Sunshine cannot know, at the date of issuance, the value of future silver bond redemption payments. It is difficult, if not impossible, for the IASB to prescribe the proper accounting treatment quickly for situations like this or like those represented in our opening story. Practicing accountants, however, must resolve such problems on a daily basis. How? Through good judgment and with the help of a universally accepted conceptual framework, practitioners can quickly focus on an acceptable treatment.

Development of a Conceptual Framework
Both the IASB and the FASB have a conceptual framework. The IASB’s conceptual framework is described in the document, “Framework for Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements.” The FASB’s conceptual framework is developed in a series of concept statements, which is generally referred to as the Conceptual Framework. The IASB and the FASB are now working on a joint project to develop an improved common conceptual framework that provides a sound foundation for developing future accounting standards. [1]3 Such a framework is essential to fulfilling the
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