Jit Production System And Quality Control

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Today a new production paradigm has emerged which can traced to various developments and innovations within the JIT production system and quality control in Japan within the 1950s. Variously labelled ‘world class manufacturing’, ‘lean production’, ‘new production system’, ‘JIT/TQC’, ‘time based competition’ has become a mainstream approach to production ideology by the major manufacturing companies in both the USA and within Europe. This new ideology of production has already had some profound consequences in a range of diverse industries from car manufacturing to electronics. Beyond this the techniques have spread into fields such as customized production, services, administration and product development. This new philosophy has evolved…show more content…
In design, control and improvement of production systems, both aspects have to be considered. Herein lies the issue: traditionally managerial philosophies have only considered conversions, either that or else all activity has been considered as adding value. The general disregard of flow processes have led to a complex, confused and uncertain understanding of their operation as well an expansion of non-value adding activities and hence a reduction of general output value. Nonetheless a range of flow process principles have evolved and there is good evidence that these principles have produced an efficiency of flow processes and also one which may be considerably improved. These can be summarized thus: 1. Reduce the share of non value-adding activities. 2. Increase output value through systematic consideration of customer requirements. 3. Reduce variability. 4. Reduce cycle times. 5. Simplify by minimizing the number of steps, parts and linkages. 6. Increase output flexibility. 7. Increase process transparency. 8. Focus control on the complete process. 9. Build continuous improvement into the process. 10. Balance flow improvement with conversion improvement. 11. Benchmark. Various forms of analysis has demonstrated that, as with the manufacturing sector, the conceptual basis of construction
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