Production practices have had an important role in satisfying the dynamic market. Many approaches have being developed in order to respond effectively to specific business requirements. In fact, some areas of management have focused its study on the overseeing, designing, and controlling the process of production in an effort to find the best methodology that ensures the business success and performance. However, complexities arise in this field because many variables such as costs, inventory, scheduling, suppliers, etc have to be considered in any business. Lean approach and the traditional approach are two points of view that aim to address this complexities, and those will be examined in this essay.
Explain what should be considered when selecting a production method to suit a given product
To reach this goal, first all the processes in the plant need to be scrutinized. Second, problems need to be identified, analyzed and solved in the manner of Kaizen. The third objective is, to implement quality control on the running belt. With these measurements we're converting the factory step by step from a batch process to a JIT production.
In business nowadays, the trend of manufacturing is shifting from mass production (MP) concept into mass customization (MC) concept. Mass production is an “old” concept practiced and popularized by Henry Ford that produces a
Per the textbook, to eliminate or reduce non-value-added work is a core step in improving profitability or efficiency of the business process. Give your opinion on whether or not you agree or disagree with this statement and include one (1) example of a business process which supports or criticizes the aforementioned statement to support your position.
Total Quality Management is a process that strives for complete satisfaction internally and externally. There are two popular methods used in today’s organizations, The Toyota Production System and the Six Sigma model. Toyota created its management system over the course of three decades. It is also known as lean manufacturing, which is in regards to limiting the amount of waste produced. This is not just physical waste but includes the management of time throughout the process, for example time waiting, conveyance,
This lean production technique involves using a range of “practices designed to reduce waste and improve productivity and quality” (Chase, Jacobs, & Aquilano, 2006). The JIT principles use tools, and techniques that allow Riordan Manufacturing “to produce and deliver products in small quantities, with short lead times, to meet specific customer need” (Chase, Jacobs, & Aquilano, 2006).
As time progress every business can find ways to be more efficient and effective. This can be achieved by analyzing each step of the process and find ways to eliminate "waste". "Waste" can be define here as variables of but limited to time, raw materials, employees, steps in the process, and or
Chase et al. (2006) state that “lean production is an integrated set of activities designed to achieve high-volume production using minimal inventories of raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods” (p. 471). The essential components of lean production are surplus elimination, constant work-flow, and consumer appeal. The minute these components are in the neighborhood of supply, quality and cost, this outlines the groundwork for a lean production organization. A Japanese plan of continuous progress named the Kaizen is responsible for the lean production idea. Riordan can adjust the lean production concept by employee empowerment and advancement, staying focused on making processes stronger, impact of consumer relations, rapid merchandise growth and production, and cooperation with suppliers are the imperative strategies of Riordan managing lean. Features of a lean enterprise include a combined single piece continuous workflow and near incorporation of the entire value series from raw material to finished product. In addition, demand drives production rather than predictions. This means that manufacture designing is by consumer demand or appeal and not to become system loading or strict work flows on the company floor. This will help Riordan keep minimal inventories at each step of the production process. It is also important to know that having a working participation by employees involved in
Our book defines JIT as, “… a philosophy of operation that seeks to maximize efficiency and eliminate waste in any form”( Vonderembse 2013, Chapt 11.1). Perhaps one of the greatest functions of JIT is that it uncovers the problems in production by keeping minimal items available. With no pools of inventory the goal of JIT it to allow a smooth flow of production without any kinks or waste. Since using the JIT system Space Age has uncovered a problem with its key worker ED putting in to many hours due to a glitch in the production of part 3079.
Both Japan and China have imported their technology, relying upon imitating the inventions and ideas of others. This is changing however as modern quality management is embraced.
A third disadvantage of applying JIC manufacturing operations is having lower quality assurance methods and even further, lower customer satisfaction (“Just-in-case and just-in-time…”). While the just-in-case system is beneficial in
The productivity and contribution of the construction industry are made using the Australian Bureau of Statistics Econtech analysis data. A Baseline and ABCC scenarios to show the contribution of the construction industry on the macro-economy. The ABCC scenario;
Toyota Production System (TPS) focuses on the philosophy of eliminating all waste. It can be trace back to its origin – automatic loom which was firstly introduce by Sakichi Toyota. During the past few decays, TPS has evolved through generations by trial and error to improve the efficiency. This is mainly based on the concept of JIT.
The construction industry much like other industries is dependant with the distribution of “scarce resources” (Drake,1994). Many of its resources known as the factors or production i.e. labour, capital, land etc. are limited (Gregory-Mankiw, 2008), however, wants and desires within the industry are infinite (Myers, 2013). Kishtainy notes that this creates two problems; at any given time, there will be a fixed number of resource, against numerous wants. Sloman 2003 adds that in an effort to rectify this, he argues that we must make choices, in terms of choices within the construction industry Myers suggested that firms need to considered their investments made, how they construct and for whom they construct for.