Job Analysis and Job Design

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HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

SOO CHUNG KIAN

LITERATURE REVIEW: JOB ANALYSIS AND JOB DESIGN
What Is Job Analysis?

Introduction In human resources, job analysis plays an important role of it. It provides information regarding positions in the organisation. It is an important topic as well as a vital employment tool which can assist with HR activities and potential and current employees, ‘Job analysis is the systematic study of positions to identify their observable duties and responsibilities, as well as the knowledge, skills and abilities required to perform a particular task or group of tasks’ ( Kovac,2006, p.1).

Methods of conducting job analysis
There are many different methods/ways to conduct a job analysis. It is
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The main aim of Job analysis is to supply HR with the relevant job information that is needed for the increase in performance for the organization. (Ghorpade, 1988, p.4). Overall job analysis contributes to the value of the organizations human resource management by providing them with the data needed to improve the effectiveness, ‘ job analysis contributes something of value to the human resource management...the job variables uncovered through job analysis can be used by HR in forecasting needs, and formulating action plans’ ( Ghorpade,1988,p 5).

What Is Job Design?

Introduction
Job design is broadly defined as level and breadth of job content, over-time variability in task assignment, specific mix of assigned tasks, use of teams, and the level of autonomy granted to individual workers or teams (Baron and David, 2000: p 334).

Reasons for job design
In today’s business environment, proper job design can help a company to become more successful and competitive in the market. “The theory of job design, as we know it today, rests largely on the premise that effective performance and genuine satisfaction in work follow mainly from the intrinsic content of the job” (Cooper, 1974, p.12) team approach has the ability to fulfil these criteria. “Teamwork is described as a co-operative process that allows ordinary people to achieve extraordinary results” (Scarnati, 2001, p.5). “By sharing a common goal or

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