Job Description And Job Analysis

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Job: A job is a collection or aggregation of tasks, duties and responsibilities which as a whole, is regarded as a regular assignment to individual employees and which is different from other assignments. Each job is different from other jobs like peon, clerk, supervisor, and accountant, manager, etc. A job may include many positions. A position is a particular set of duties and responsibilities regularly assigned to an individual. Job Analysis: Job analysis refers to the process of collecting information about a job. In other words, it refers to the anatomy of the job. Job analysis is performed upon ongoing jobs only. It contains job contents. There are two major aspects of job analysis: These are: 1. Job Description 2. Job Specification Description of these are as follows: Job Description: Job description is prepared on the basis of data collected through job analysis. Job…show more content…
Hiring of new employees 2. Grading and classification of jobs 3. Promotions and transfers 4. Outlining for career path 5. Developing work standards 6. Counselling of employees 7. Delimitation of authority Job Specification: While job description focuses on the job, job specification focuses on the person i.e, the job holder. Job specification is a statement of the minimum levels of qualifications, skills, physical and other abilities, experience, judgment and attributes required for performing job effectively. In other words, it is a statement of the minimum acceptable qualifications that an incumbent must possess to perform a given job. It sets forth the knowledge, skills and abilities required to do the job effectively. Usages of Job Specification: The usages of job specification include: 1. Personnel planning 2. Performance appraisal 3. Hiring 4. Training and development 5. Job evaluation and compensation 6. Health and safety 7. Employee discipline 8. Work scheduling 9. Career
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