Essay on Johannes Gutenberg and the Invention of the Printing Press

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Johannes Gutenberg and the Invention of the Printing Press

Between the 13th and 16th centuries we can see the rise of a print-dominated society; a society which moved away from the Church's monopoly of information that existed until that time. There were many social, economic and political changes. It was not because of the printing press that those changes were brought about, but perhaps they could have not happened so fast without the print.

Johann Gutenberg managed to bring together technologies known for centuries before him, adding the idea for movable metal type. This led to the mass production of books, being them more available to the general public. The invention of the printing press helped ideas spread
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In this sense, it is said, that the Renaissance continued a process that had started in the Middle Ages. Yet this new Renaissance gave rise to a wide range of new ideas and revealing thoughts that paved the way for an understanding of the world which would have been unthinkable during the Middle Ages.

The European world underwent a process of transformation by means of brilliant inventions, magnificent pieces of art, ambitious voyages overseas, the growth of commerce, the revival of classic Greek and Roman texts and the development of a self-centred view instead of the God-centred promoted by the Church. Under this awakening, the invention of the printing press was somehow the single most important invention of that time; it was responsible for the amazing changes on many fields such as Literature, Science, the Arts and the Protestant Reformation.

Before the invention of print, multiple copies of a manuscript had to be made by hand. The printing press made the mass publication and circulation of literature possible. Thus, intellectual life soon was no longer the exclusive domain of the church and court, and literacy became a necessity of urban existence. Printing provided
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