John Augustine 's ' The Confessions ' St. Augustine

1466 WordsMar 4, 20176 Pages
In Chapter IV of his Confessions, St. Augustine describes his terrible grief at the death of a friend, and then to the adherence to mortal things, and why he regrets them. He writes that everybody experiences death differently, but the death of his close friend made him realize that this life is temporal. He continues saying that he was stricken with grief from the death of his friend and that made him want to move away from his hometown. Everything there brought his friend to mind, and he was always looking for him. He was constantly in tears and was miserable. “My home became a torture to me, a strange world of unhappiness, all that I shared with him was transformed into a cruel torment. My eyes looked for him everywhere”. Augustine…show more content…
And if he sought comfort from this fantasy, it only made him more downcast. Finally, though, time brought a measure of healing, and here is where Augustine begins a subtle argument about sorrow and the nature of God. He says that the sorrow he felt at his friend’s death was so extreme because he had “poured his soul onto the dust, but loving a man as if he would never die who nevertheless had to die.” (IV, viii). Augustine’s draws the distinction between caritas, as seeking one’s final end in God, and cupiditas, as seeking one’s final end in that which is other than God. He seems to ask this question of himself “The things which are in the world God made, that is, the sky and the earth, the sea, the sun, the moon, the stars, all adornments of the heavens. What about the adornments of the sea? Fish and all swimming creatures. And those of the land? Animals, trees, flying creatures. These are all in the world, God made them. Why should I not love what God has made? Augustine carries on with; "all persons want to be happy; and no persons are happy who do not have what they want." From this statement, he proceeds with questioning what a person should obtain to achieve happiness since happiness is a matter of having what one wants in order to be happy. The answer proposed by Augustine is that happiness constitutes something that can be had when it is wanted With the availability these
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