John B. Watson

2181 Words Jul 9th, 2018 9 Pages
John Broadus Watson was a famous American psychologist who lived between 1878 and 1958. He was born in Greenville, South Carolina to Pickens and Emma Watson and was the fourth of six children. The family was not well off financially and John did not have an easy childhood. In spite of the poverty that engulfed the family, John’s father turned into an alcoholic who cared less for his family. However, Emma, John’s mother was a devoted religious woman who struggled to take care of her children with less support from her husband. In 1891, John’s father left the family and disappeared after engaging in extra marital affairs with other women. The infidelity strained his marriage with Emma and the relationship with his children. After the …show more content…
Dr. Watson was an extremely hard working man and stayed busy as we can witness from his biography. It was this desire and hard work that helped him escape from poverty on a remote farm in Greenville, and reach prosperity as a famous scholar whose work was applauded by fellow scholars worldwide. John B. Watson made many contributions to the study of psychology. Especially with his behaviorism school of thought which later became an entire branch of psychology. Watson defined behaviorism as “a natural science approach to psychology that focuses on the study of environmental influences on observable behavior.” (Powell, Symbaluk & Honey, 2008. p. 14). Watson strongly believed this study should be limited to behavior that can be observed since it is the only one hat can be predicted and controlled objectively without any fictitious constrains as those associated with conscious experiences and beliefs. Watson dismisses the usability of the consciousness concept in psychology. Behaviorism scholars are opposed to the idea that a person’s behavior can be studied using thought or even beliefs. These according to them, are fabricated constructs that mislead the human’s understanding of behavior.
Watson was strongly objected to the study of consciousness and mind in general since according to him there is no way these can fully be interpreted in the study of behavior. Mostly, speculations are
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