John Bordley Rawls 's Theory Of Justice Essay

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John Bordley Rawls was born and educated in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. His family was of comfortable means, yet during his youth, two tragic things happened to him. In two years, one right after another, both of his younger brothers contracted diseases from him and died. Diphtheria in one case and pneumonia in the other. Rawls’s vivid sense of the arbitrariness of fortune may have stemmed in part from this early experience. His only remaining brother went to collage at Princeton for undergraduate studies and excelled in athleticism. Rawls followed his brother’s example and went to Princeton to gain his Ph.D, and is also where he developed a large amount of his theories.
After John earned his Ph.D, he wrote several books, but the most influential one is called A Theory of Justice. In this book, he gives two theories of justice. The first being that everyone is entitled to basic freedoms and the second is the difference principle. The subject matter of one of Rawls’s theory is societal practices and institutions. Some social institutions can stir up resentment and envy. Others can fester exploitation and alienation. John Rawls attempted to find out if there was way of organizing society that can keep these problems within livable limits and to see if society could be organized around the fair principles of cooperation in a way the people would willingly accept into their lives.
Rawls’s first inclination was that equality, or a fair distribution of advantages for people, was to

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