John Bowlby And Attachment Theory

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Human beings have many needs, but one of the most fundamental needs is for love and companionship. Starting at birth, it is vital for bonds that enforce these needs are made. One way for this type of connecting to be made is through attachment. Attachment theory is defined by oxford dictionaries as a “theory that emphasizes the bond formed by an infant toward its mother (or other principal caregiver) and its pre-eminent influence on behavior in adolescent and adult relationships.” (Oxford) This theory developed from a British psychologist by the name of John Bowlby between the 1950s and 1960s. From day one, babies are pretty much helpless. Due to this, they need a lot of support, and forming a strong emotional bond with another individual will aid in their feelings of stability, love and support; which will ultimately increase their chances of future success and survival. A psychologist by the name of Mary Ainsworth conducted a study named “Strange Situation” where she talks about three types of styles of attachment. These styles include secure attachment, ambivalent-insecure attachment, and avoidant-insecure attachment. Mary Ainsworth is mainly known for her extended research on the work of John Bowlby and Attachment Theory. Ainsworth created a procedure called “Strange Situation” in order to observe and asses the condition of attachment in relationships with caregivers and children. In this study, the child involved is observed for twenty minutes as they play in a room

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