John Bowlby Attachment Theory

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John Bowlby, a British psychiatrist, known for his work with the “attachment theory” and joint work with Mary Ainsworth, an American-Canadian psychologist. His theory: “the infant and young child should experience a warm, intimate, and continuous relationship with his mother (or permanent mother substitute) in which both find satisfaction and enjoyment.” John Bowlby believed just like Freud, that mental health as well as behavioral issues could be traced and attributed back to the child’s early ages. Before Mary Ainsworth would come on scene, John Bowlby enlisted the help of James Robertson. The two would spend two years observing hospitalized and institutionalized children who had been separated from their parents. James Robertson left after he could no longer go on observing and being uninvolved, he needed to do something for the children that he had been observing. In the 1930’s, John Bowlby worked as a Child psychiatrist at the Guidance Clinic in London where he treated many emotionally disturbed children. He was led to think about the importance of an infant or child’s relationship with their mother and their social, emotional and cognitive development. Here is where he would form his attachment theory that would contradict the original theory of “behavioral theory”. The thought behind the original theory would be that the infant is close to the mother because she has fed the child. Come 1950, Mary Ainsworth arrives and it is her duty to analyze Robertson’s
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