John Bowlby's Theory Of The Attachment Theory

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CHAPTER III
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

This study tackles the Attachment theory in which it is stated how attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space (Ainsworth, 1973; Bowlby, 1969).
Attachment theory is a theory that’s connected to psychology, studied first by John Bowlby. It explains the relevance of getting attached to something in an individual’s development. It is observed among children relying on their parents for stability, and that there is an existing need for them due to such reliance.
The attachment theory is most commonly observed in the parent- child scenario, as it is in Bowlby’s study which regarded the existence of the attachment as a child needing some sort of person to give them a security and assurance. It is explained that with lack thereof, the individual would find it difficult to explore horizons because there is that part of their development, needed to be fulfilled with such
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It relies heavily on the level in which the parents are able to meet the child’s needs for someone to stand as a stronghold of confidence and to provide them the feeling of safety. Attachment theory also explains levels in a child’s ability to place recall or differentiate people they attach themselves to, from infancy to early childhood.
The Stages of Attachment, is presented in a study done by Rudolph Schaffer and Peggy Emmeron (1964) during their longitudinal study at a monthly interval of 60 babies at the first 18 months of their lives.
The babies were studied in their respective homes, until a pattern was observed regarding attachment. The interaction between the babies and their carers were taken note of and regarding the development of attachment, evidence showed that the baby shows “separation anxiety” upon the departure of the
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