He installed a policy of rigid discipline, strengthened defenses, and encouraged farming with his order that all must work or face starvation. Smith had settlers dig the first well inside the fort (and Jamestown Rediscovery archaeologists have found that well and the many unique artifacts it held when it became a trash pit). Smith ordered the repair of many buildings and the expansion of the fort into a five-sided structure, which archaeologists have also traced. Smith also led the first English explorations of the Chesapeake Bay and was almost killed by a ray on the first of the two expeditions. Smith’s strong leadership helped the colony survive and grow but also made him enemies within the fort. When he was sleeping in a boat in the river on night, Smith was badly injured from a gunpowder explosion. Smith went back to England to get treated in October 1609 and he never made it back to
Frederick Douglass Patterson was born on October 10, 1901, in Washington, D.C. He was the youngest of five children and was named after abolitionist Frederick Douglass. Both of Patterson's parents died of tuberculosis when he was still a toddler, and at just 2 years old, he was sent to live with his aunt Julia Dorsey. When Patterson was 7, his older sister Wilhelmina Bessie became his legal guardian.
“There’s no law in Texas… only Yankee law.”. John Wesley Hardin was born on May 26, 1853 in Texas US.His parent’s names were James Hardin and Mary Dixson. His dad was a Methodist Minister.
As Alex Ross describes, “Cage love[s] noise” (366). This should be why he decided to alter his piano in a “conceptually violent” and unusual way for Sonatas and Interludes. Though, Cage’s aim was not pure violence, as we are pleased by the “soft sounds” instead of being “battered by some unholy racket” (Ross, 366). I
John Roger Stephens was a pretty well-known musician around the area he grew up in. He also met some of the musicians that he idolized like Michael Jackson. He also got married to the woman that he very much loved. But before his musical career skyrocketed into fame and success, it all started when he got the title “Legend.” I decided to write about John Legend because I think he has inspired many people into following their dreams and he also does a lot for different charity organizations.
Armand, Wynne. "Marijuana: Health effects of recreational and medical use". Ed. Armand,Wynne.Research.2016.Armand provides research information that recreational marijuana can cause health issues in one's life in the forms of long-term and short-term use ranging from battling one's memorization skills, cognitive skills, to how damage to the lungs like bronchitis and asthma. Armand expresses that recreational marijuana is a common use among teenagers to young adults. That how among that age bracket, marijuana consumption is the highest in the nation. That among this bracket when marijuana is consumed in the body, it creates short term effects that can damage these developing brains, which could lead them from growing at the regular pace for
In conclusion, John Cage’s 4’33” is considered one of the most dazzling and confounding musical pieces. Free of any predeterminations or intentions, this masterpiece is the first and only of its kind to require a very open mind to grasp it with all the deep meanings it holds. It is never-
To him, silence doesn’t really exist; silence is its own music because the sounds that are usually hidden through noise are heightened in the silence (Hermitary, 1). The sound of silence can convey feelings in a different sense. Take babies for example, when babies are content they stay silent but when they need comfort they cry. Silence is a sound that no one really recognizes, but it’s been an instinctive way of communicating. In music, silence is a tuneful element. Many songs use pauses to create tension, emphasize a point, or allow the listener to reflect. So, silence can convey emotion just as noise can by producing a depth in a song. In Cage’s first performance of “4’33”, where for four minutes and thirty three seconds the performer plays nothing, the audience was very confused. The premier was at Maverick Concert Hall, ideal for this type of performance since the back of the hall was open to the forest and allowed the sound to enter (Larry J Solomon, 1). Either the audience was unaware that they heard anything or understood where Cage came from. Throughout the years,”4’33” became an accepted philosophy due to the message the silence brought each individual to develop the inner meaning of the surrounding silence. The silence that Cage expressed created its own voice because each listener decided on which sound in the silence to focus on and relate to in context
John Cage is a controversial composer. Some may say he revolutionized music composition and changed music history of the 20th century, yet others do not even acknowledge his compositional contributions as music. I believe John Cage was a brilliant artist, and his works push the boundaries of both sound and music to create a genre of his own by using the elements of silence and chance. Through his compositional development, one can track his changing music philosophy as it grew from a limited notion of silence, to the enjoyment of the element of chance, to a redefined meaning of silence that reaches beyond the grasp of most innovators still today.
John Cage?s music was revolutionary. The music that he wrote or preferably invented was not always melodies or harmonies, in fact Cage pushed the boundaries of traditional music by eliminating harmony in a lot of his Sonata?s. The Sonata personifies his interest in the rhythm of the piece then in harmony. This was one of the first revolutionary concepts. Cage had quickly discovered that ?harmony was inhospitable to nonpitched sounds?(Page 86, 20/20).
Music is defined differently for each individual. It is the universal language that speaks to us all, but in different ways. It is one of the few genres that can instantly transport a person back to the past. Music is also an art of sound which expresses ideas, thoughts, and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, and harmony. It is the design of giving structural form and rhythmic pattern to combinations of sounds produce instrumentally and vocally. To me, music brings a sense of calmness, happiness, and peacefulness. Music is the absolute bread of life because it feeds my soul.
I personally do not believe John Cages 4’33” to be music. I do however believe it to be art. The piece it’s self seems to show a bit of “defiance to the norm/standard”. I feel that because of that it, in my opinion, it becomes more of an art piece and less like a piece of music. It seems to push the bounds of what people expect. It definitely feels more like an art showpiece or instillation. Something made to show something or make a point/statement; not to be necessarily technically “amazing”.
The literal meaning of the word 'music' according to any dictionary is: 'art of combining vocal or instrumental sounds in a harmonious or expressive way.' But music has a meaning which is far broader than this. Music is life. Music means Self-expansion and oneness. It is an art by itself. Art, in any of its forms, is generated by a person, or a group of talented yet usually ordinary people, that express, willingly or not, an opinion regarding present times. It is not a want; it is a need. If you try to imagine yourself without it, you are bound to feel incomplete. For many of us, it has become a necessity of our lives. Music has no boundaries. Music is the