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John Fitzgerald Kennedy

Decent Essays
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States of America, served as president from January 20th, 1961 to November 22nd, 1963, the day of his death and the day after the assassination attempt by Lee Harvey Oswald. Mr. Kennedy was arguably most famous for his role in the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, where he, as president, made the decision to find more peaceful resolutions to the threats associated with a Castro-led Cuba possessing nuclear weapons rather than using the violent courses of actions suggested by the other members of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council, or EXCOMM. During the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, John F. Kennedy averted a nuclear war between the two superpowers, avoided another invasion…show more content…
Kennedy did his best to avoid an invasion of Cuba, like the CIA’s failed Bay of Pigs invasion which occurred only 1 year earlier and attempted to take over the Castro-led government. Because of Kennedy’s strong dislike for any sort of military action, he encouraged the members of the Executive Committee to devise different routes of handling the Crisis in Cuba. While Kennedy did not want to take action, he understood that he needed to protect the U.S. Several air units became positioned on the southern coast of the United States, to remain for 12 months unless changed (“PENTAGON LISTS AIR UNITS CALLED: Action Lasts for 12 Months Unless It Is Changed” 17). The President exchanged letters with Premier Khrushchev, usually daily, and often several pages in length (Kennedy 1). These letters between the two leaders ultimately determined the solution to the Crisis in Cuba, and could have even strengthened the diplomatic ties between the two countries (Finney 1). When the Executive Committee realized how well the daily letters between the American president and Khrushchev were going, they chose to not take drastic actions against Cuba, but to instead take a more calm role and negotiate with the Soviet Union. This more peaceful decision ended up being the best decision to make, and earned Kennedy a lot of respect and praise for his actions (“CAPITAL PRAISES KENNEDY'S STAND: Some Congressmen Caution on Khrushchev…show more content…
Although John Kennedy managed to achieve this great feat against communism, he did overstep some of the rights as President. It was a very risky order to blockade Cuban waters and coastlines, and it could have easily started a full-scale war between NATO and the Warsaw Pact. If a Soviet vessel had refused to comply with U.S. orders to halt, they may have been fired on by one of the many nearby American ships. Several Soviet ships were also boarded and inspected by American sailors (“32”). The chance of war breaking out was very real, but it did not occur due to Premier Khrushchev ordering an immediate return of all Soviet Navy ships headed to Cuba. The blockade was not to be removed until all Soviet missiles were removed from the Cuban island (“CAPITAL HOPEFUL: Plans to End Blockade as Soon as Moscow Lives Up to Vow.”). Kennedy’s standing up against the USSR showed the American people just how capable and strong leader was. Because of this, he is often considered to be one of the most highly regarded presidents of all
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