John Harwood Hick (1922-2012)
John Harwood Hick was born on 20th January, 1922 to Aileen Hick and Mark Hick in Scarborough, England. Hick’s ancestors were owners of successful shipping firm. However, his grandfather abandoned the shipping business to become an attorney. John Hick was arguably among the most influential and important philosophers of religion of the 2nd half of the 20th century. It is worth noting that as a British Philosophical thinker in the Anglo analytic tradition, John Hick did ground-breaking work in philosophical theology, religious pluralism and religious epistemology (Hick and Sharma 89).
As a young student of law, John Hick went through a strong religious experience which led him to accept the evangelical Christianity and to alter the direction of his career to philosophy and theology. At the beginning of his career, john Hick argued that the Christian faith is mainly based on religious experience rather than propositional evidence. Therefore, he defended Christianity faith against criticisms by evidentialist, who were by then dominant logical positivists ("Professor John Hick - Telegraph"). The most influential works by John Hick include: Evil and the God of Love; A Christian Theology of Religions; An Interpretation of Religion; and many others
a. Religious epistemology
John Hick views humanity as being naturally religious, and religious experience is the foundation for all claims about the supreme God (Hick