John Locke : An Ideal State

2015 Words9 Pages
Without the protection of the rights entailed from the aforementioned objectives government in any society, there is no rule of law. Without the rule of law society would quickly regress back to a state of nature that was man versus man, or mob rule. Neither situation would be an ideal state for anyone John Locke is one of the many important authors of such theories and I find his reasoning compelling. He believes that if the people give their individual power to enforce the laws of nature to a political society they can result in a form of government being created. Through private property and reason, a person is to obtain liberty. Jean-Jacques Rousseau is another philosopher whose perspective seems to be in agreement with Locke in terms of exploring political foundations that depend on the social contract. Once a social contract is formed and the people comply, then the government is responsible for protecting the people’s rights. Natural liberty, according to Locke, is for one to be ruled solely by the laws of nature; in other words, man versus man. When the laws of nature replace a political government man regresses back to a state where the sole benefit of the individual is paramount. This being the case as man being selfish, self-absorbed, and power hungry. Social liberty, according to Locke, is the right to be under no other legislative power than the sole power discovered by the consent of a commonwealth and functions for the benefit of such. According to
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