John Locke And John Stuart Mill 's On Liberty Essay

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Political philosophers over time have developed their own conceptions of liberty and the relationship of individuals to not only society, but also the state. Political philosophers such as, Aristotle and Plato have more of an ancient conception of liberty and the role the individual plays in society and to the state. Whereas, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and John Stuart Mill have developed a more modernized conception of liberty and the role of the individual to the state and society. Plato’s work the Republic, and Aristotle’s works of literature Nicomachean Ethics, and Politics will be contrasted against Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan, John Locke’s Second Treatise, and John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty. The literature works of the political philosophers mentioned previously will help convey the differences and similarities of liberty and the role of the individual to society. The, regularly occurring, theme of liberty has been stressed greatly in the works of political philosophers over time, ancient and modern. A definition of liberty can be said to be, “the freedom of people to enter and negotiate open exchanges freely.” Within liberty there is the option of individual choice. The notion of choice became a major difference between ancient political philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle in comparison to modern political philosophers, such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and John Stuart Mill. According to, Benjamin Constant, “The liberty of the ancients consisted in carrying out
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