John Locke And Thomas Jefferson Essay

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In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, John Locke and Thomas Jefferson, both had an impact on influencing the development of liberal ideology. Due to this, the term “rights” is now prevalent everywhere in politics. “Natural rights” is the principle in which, every individual is born with rights and these cannot be removed by force or law. It is the entitlement to act or to be treated in a specific way. The essential human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. In order to maintain stability in society, Locke exclaimed humans should have a right and duty to live peacefully without any threat.

Locke and Jefferson stated natural rights originate from its correlation between human beings, nature and God. Natural rights are the establishment of an individual’s core necessities in life. Locke considered the centralised three rights as; ‘life, liberty and property’. ‘Property’ was not only the materialistic ownership of things but also the right of one’s wellbeing. Jefferson however, rejected property as a natural right and clarified that it is only for human convenience. Instead, Jefferson replaced the notion with ‘the pursuit of happiness’, underlining all individuals have the right to obtaining happiness. Locke emphasised tall individuals should have the liberty to make choices based on their lives, as long as it does not negatively affect others (Costly 2016).

Locke highlighted the government should exist exclusively for the protection of natural rights and
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