John Locke and Karl Marx on Social Justice

812 WordsJul 10, 20184 Pages
Social justice is how justice is served throughout a society as a whole or to it's classes. Various unique ideas on creating a just society have been established throughout history. Two of the more well-known concepts are those of Locke and Marx. While both have their ideas for a "Just State", they are both very different within their aspects. John Locke's views on social justice and a just state began with his belief that all humans are governed by what he calls "natural laws" and are protected by their "inalienable personal rights." Our inalienable rights are life, liberty, health, and property. They are considered inalienable rights because they are God-given, and ideally, no other human could ever have the right to remove or threaten…show more content…
In Locke's just society, this state works for the needs of the people, as their "servant", and if they don't work up to the standards of their "social contract," or agreement, the state can be dismissed by way of a revolution. The political state was formed with a main purpose of protecting and effectively carrying out God’s law of nature. To guarantee this, several things were required. First, it needed to be clearly expressed to ensure a universal understanding of the law. Second, Judges needed to be appointed to perform different interpretations of the law and to “check” and “balance” each other out, eliminating any biases. Last, there must be a substantial amount of power to enforce the law; otherwise, it would not be effective. Locke believed it necessary to have different branches of government. Each would have their certain powers and duties specific to their branch. These branches include the legislative, executive, and federative. The legislative branch was in charge of creating and interpreting kaws for the society. The executive branch was to put the laws into effect. Finally, the federative branch was responsible for making war and keeping peace. John Locke believes that a just society is one based on the ideas of liberalism. However, Karl Marx disagrees, insisting that it is one based on communism, which was built upon the ideas of socialism. In a society based on
Open Document