John Muir and the Environmental Conservation Movement Essay

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The conservation movement of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and the environmental movement which came about after 1950 had symbolic and ideological relationships, but were quite different in their social roots and objectives. A clear point is that especially in the beginning, only the elite, wealthy class, had time left to think and enjoy nature and joined the environmental movement organizations. It was born out a movement of amateurs. The organizations of the environmental movement viewed natural resources such as water, land, and air, as recourses that would improve the quality of life (Sandbach, 1980). The conservation movement grew out of the idea of how to use water, forests, minerals and animals, fearing that they …show more content…
He was born on April 21, 1838 in Dunbar, Scotland. Until the age of eleven he attended the local schools of that coastal town. In 1849, the Muir family emigrated to the United States. During this time slavery was still common in the United States. Therefore John Muir dealt with that slavery the first 16 years in the United States, until the end of the Civil war. After that, blacks and whites were still not equal. The history of slavery was still present in the community, even after slavery was outlawed (Flyer: John Muir Exhibit - Sierra Club, 2004 (writer unknown)). This is why John Muir had a bigoted upbringing. He lived in a time when bigotry was common. Although he was not a real wealthy and high class person, he was still bigoted.

John Muir had a Christian upbringing, even though later on in his life, he believed in nature; and not in god anymore. His wife was a devout Christian. Because of his Christian upbringing and his Christian wife, he became bigoted as well, because the Christian believe is a bigoted believe (Fox 1981).

John Muir sometimes made fun of the Irish and this was bigotry as well. However this has to do with his nationality; he was a Scotsman, and the Scottish were known to make jokes about the Irish ((Flyer: John Muir Exhibit - Sierra Club, 2004 (writer unknown)). You can also find the White Anglo Saxon Protestant (WASP) feeling in his ideas about the environmental
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