John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice Essay

795 Words4 Pages
John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice holds that rational, mutually disinterested individuals, in the Original Position and given the task of establishing societal rules to maximise their own happiness throughout life, are liable to choose as principles of societal justice a) guaranteed fundamental liberties and b) the nullification of social and economic disparities by universal equality of opportunities, which are to be of greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society , . Rawls’ system of societal cbfgdbre for the maintenance of fundamental liberties, equality of opportunity and support for the disadvantaged is exercised. However, when the individual runs the risk of incafdfbsfgrnating into an elitist society, they may be…show more content…
It also stimulates competition – rational individuals will naturally want more primary goods for themselves , and will be willing to compete for these. This is vital to a healthy economy because it prevents stagnating monopolization by individuals.
One weakness in Rawls’ theory is his assumption that the individual in the Original Position will think conservatively. Realistically, the individual is supposedly more likely to risk a slightly worse worst-case scenario for a markedly better best-case scenario (similar to the large numbers of individuals who gamble money in hope of winning more) . The individual may choose to dismiss the Difference Principle in favour of a riskier, but more beneficial principle – for example, that the ‘rich get richer’. Rawls argues that the individual will adopt conservatism to ensure that all parties may pursue their own ends irrespective of (dis)advantages, simply because of their arbitrary placement in society. It may also be plausibly argued that the gravity of the situations differs, and that when charged with the creation of a society, one is more likely to act conservatively because the dGBgbGGBecision carries potentially negative, far-reaching ramifications.
It is similarly asserted that Rawls’ Maximin Principle may eliminate beneficial inequalities . For example, should the annual income of two people be $100,000 each, this would be a less prosNGGANGNAperous system than one where one person

More about John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice Essay

Get Access