John Rawls 's Theory Of Justice

1471 WordsApr 16, 20176 Pages
John Rawls “A Theory of Justice.” John Rawls was an American political and moral philosopher. Rawls attempts to determine the principles of social justice. In this essay, I will elucidate John Rawls’ views on forming a social contract, the counter-arguments against Rawls’ theory and finally the state of debate on the counter-arguments. John Rawls set out on his discussion on justice and fairness in his book A Theory of Justice 1971. Rawls theory describes a society with free citizens holding equal basic rights regardless of the social status (poor or rich). Each society has its way of attempting to bring about equality in its political and economic systems. The tenets of distributive justice, therefore, act as an ethical guide to the…show more content…
To represent the desired restrictions, one imagines a situation in which everyone is deprived of this sort of information.” Rawls further argues if “rational persons concerned to advance their interests” found themselves in the original position, they would no doubt agree to a sort of “social contract” in which an equal distribution of liberty and social goods existed. Rawls also formulated the two principles of justice to emphasize ideas of justice and fairness. The first principle states that each person has validated a claim to a fully adequate scheme of equal fundamental liberties which is compatible with a similar liberty for others. The basic freedoms of citizens are embodied in the political constitution. As such, citizens have the liberty to vote and run for office, liberty of conscience, freedom of speech and assembly, autonomy from arbitrary arrest and freedom of personal property. Rawls elaborates that this principle controls protection of an identical set of basic civic liberties. Rawls also relates his description of social basic goods to a specific perception of the individual as liberal and equal and as holding certain capacities and interests. This assures the members of the society that they will have all the tools necessary for a good life. Rawls himself acknowledges that this principle
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