John Spinoza 's Theory On Monism

1922 Words Dec 8th, 2016 8 Pages
Benedict De Spinoza is famous for his theory on monism. Monism is the notion that everything consists of only one thing. For Spinoza, this one thing is a substance he calls God. His monism is the argument that God is the substance which makes up everything. This has been interpreted to work in a variety of ways. In this essay, I am going to argue that Spinoza’s monism does work through one interpretation of the numerical distinction of substances and attributes. First, I will lay out Spinoza’s actual argument for monism with its premises and conclusion. Next, I will introduce two immediate criticisms for his argument by using two examples. The solution I will purpose is the Gu(e)roult-Loeb Interpretation, which will be applied to these two examples. Due to the size of this essay, I will not be discussing the metaphysics of his argument. Thus, the argument I provide can be considered is an indirect solution to his monism. It is still a solution in support of Spinoza’s monism worth exploring.

Spinoza’s monism argument starts with substance. According to Spinoza, everything is made up of either a substance, like God or nature, or a mode, like colour or temperature. Substance is independent while modes are dependent on substance. Spinoza defines substance as “a being which is absolutely infinite”; infinite meaning in space and attributes (what it is like to be something). God is the only substance which has infinite space and attributes. This is because God needs to have…
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