John Stuart Mill And Immanuel Kant Essay

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Taking a closer look into the moral reasoning behind torture, we use the theories of two philosophers, Kant and Mill, to determine whether or not torture is ever ethical. John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant, both proposed different philosophies, using deontological and teleological theories in ethics. John Stuart Mill used a teleological theory, which prioritized the end result of an action, based off the moral nature of the action itself, compared to the deontological theory proposed by Kant, which presented actions as obligations of an individual, leading them to act in a certain way. Mill used a code of ethics, also known as utilitarianism, which provided ideal principles, in the role of each individual. These principles were imperative to how a person should use them, and in the fashion which they must do so. The more happiness produced from an action, was the scale of how right or wrong an action became. Something that produced the greatest amounts of happiness were right, and actions that produced the least amount of happiness, were wrong. These were the standards set into place. In other words, the consequences of the actions were how they were determined moral or not, not the actual actions themselves. Kant used a different view, titled, The Categorical Imperative, which judged the action solely on the will of it. The consequences were not taken into account, and determining what was right or wrong. He believed that by using good will, would directly result in

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