John Stuart Mill And John Rawls's What Utilitarianism Is And On Liberty

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John Stuart Mill and John Rawls both sought to formulate their conception of the ideal society, as well as their defence of individual liberty. Mill defends utilitarian ideals of pleasure and happiness in his writings titled What Utilitarianism Is and On Liberty, whereas in A Theory of Justice and Political Liberalism, Rawls urges the idea of equal distribution of happiness given to each individual member of a society. This essay will focus on Mill’s On Liberty and Rawls’ A Theory of Justice. Where Mill was a utilitarian who sought to bring upon a society with the maximum amount of happiness, Rawls was an egalitarian who sought to bring upon a society that revolved solely around the happiness of every individual. The most significant difference between Mill and Rawls’ discussions of individual liberty is that Mill is concerned with efficiency, whereas Rawls is concerned with equity; Mill believes liberty is derived from the fundamental aim of utility as grounded in the principle of liberty, limited by the tyranny of the majority, while Rawls’ theory involves the equal distribution of liberty to each individual person on the grounds of justice as fairness, limited by the principles of justice.
John Stuart Mill presents a utilitarian argument in his writings. Utilitarianism is the doctrine that actions are morally right if they maximize utility, which is pleasure and the absence of pain. Mill concerns himself in his writing with the problem of placing reasonable limits on the

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