John Stuart Mill And Utilitarianism

983 Words Feb 3rd, 2016 4 Pages
In Utilitarianism actions are judged right and wrong solely on their consequence, and in order to assess this consequences, the only thing that matters is the amount of happiness and unhappiness caused and by calculating happiness and unhappiness caused, nobody’s happiness counts any more than anybody else’s. Utilitarian ethics is the most common form of ethics used today, it has thrived because two needs have been met by it. Firstly, end-based thinking is common and people have sought to improve and perfect what is produced by their effort. And secondly, the speed of life has made single-criterion solutions attractive toward rapid and effective problem solving.
Comparing deontological and consequentialist ethics by single criterion dynamic: Deontological rule based ethics, with Immanuel Kant and Categorical Imperative drive decisions through rule or principle to be applied; which means, consequences do not matter morally. In the other hand, Consequential ends based ethics, with John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism, drive decisions through the amount of happiness to be produced as a consequence; which means, the rules and principles do not matter morally.
In solving this dilemma, considering John Stuart Mill principle will be most efficient, this is because, decisions should be made in time before their consequences appear and in specific cases where justice and utility are in conflict just like in this case of organ transplant. It will be expedient to serve the greater…
Open Document