John Stuart Mill On Diversity Summary

992 Words4 Pages
Diversity can lead to many things. New ideas, understanding, and triumph over prejudice can all come from diversity. John Stuart Mill, a 19th century British philosopher and the author of On Liberty, valued diversity for the political prowess it could bring us. Edward O. Wilson, a modern biologist and the author of Consilience, valued diversity for more scientific reasons, including evolution and natural selection. Those concepts are manifested in their books. These different perspectives both go hand in hand, and conflict in certain aspects. If On Liberty could be summarized into a single sentence, that sentence would probably read, “Diversity leads to growth and happiness.” This is an underlying theme in every chapter of Mill’s book. Mill values diversity so deeply because he believes that not only is it human nature, but diversity can lead to acceptance and political growth. This is not limited to just cultural and racial diversity, this also includes diversity of opinion. He essentially argues that discussion leads to new discovery. On page 17, Mill writes,”To refuse a hearing to an opinion because they are sure that it is false is to assume that their certainty is the same thing as absolute certainty.” One should always be open to new ideas because they could lead to the truth. Mill also argues that diversity is human nature, and no individual should be forced to conform with society against their will. On page 56, Mill writes, “Human nature is not
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