John Stuart Mill 's Philosophy On The Morality And Ethical Nature Of The Subject

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Looking at anything through the lens of different philosophical ideologies will show a variety of differing opinions on the morality or ethical nature of the subject. Cloning can be viewed a few different ways based on the teachings in philosophy one follows.
Utilitarianism is a branch of philosophy, which bases its understanding of right action on consequences. More precisely, an act is considered "right" if it creates the most happiness (pleasure), and the least pain, for the greatest number of people affected by that action. In this way, utilitarianism is sometimes called a "moral calculus." A utilitarian approach to cloning would look at the results of using cloned humans or cloned organs to determine the morality of that action. Because a cloned person could have the potential to save many lives through use of their organs, a utilitarian like John Stuart Mill would argue that cloning is morally acceptable due to the maximized utility.
Immanuel Kant is considered the central figure of modern philosophy. Kant sought to refute thinkers like David Hume and John Stuart Mill. Kantian Philosophy is considered deontological in that it holds that an action is "right" in and of itself without appeal to consequences. According to Kant, a faculty of the human mind called "practical reason" makes demands on us. Practical reason demands that one act out of respect for the moral law. After describing how human cloning could be used to benefit humanity as a
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