Jonathan Swift 's A Modest Proposal

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Jonathan Swift, 18th century writer and political activist, published “A Modest Proposal” in 1729 in the midst of turmoil in his home country of Ireland. Under British rule Irish citizens were left destitute and neglected, giving Swift the inspiration for “A Modest Proposal”. Jonathan Swift’s use of Aristotle 's modes of persuasion and straight-faced satire broke Ireland 's silence, calling out affluent members of British society and religious hierarchy alike, creating one of the most influential pieces of political satireism to this day.
Greek philosopher, Aristotle, created the modes of persuasion to show how one can effectively persuade the appeal of an audience. Jonathan Swift uses these modes to begin an empirically sound proposal. Swift starts the essay stating the deplorable state to which the great Irish city of Dublin had fallen. The first lines alone,
“It is a melancholy object to those, who walk through this great town, or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads and cabin-doors crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags, and importuning every passenger for an alms.”, begets an emotional rend in the reader, stabbing at one 's humanity while looking upon such grievances. Swift then states the intent of his writing, still grasping the reader’s emotion, with simple and agreeable logistics, that a political solution must be enacted in a “fair, cheap, and easy” fashion, and that whomever could
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