Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

1210 WordsJul 14, 20185 Pages
The definition of a utopia is an imagined place or state in which everything is perfect. In book four of Gulliver’s travels Gulliver discovers a group of people called the Houyhnhnms and the group displays qualities of a possible utopia. The Houyhnhnms are very rational in their thinking, and try their best to stay away from entertainment and vanity. However the Houyhnhnms could not be considered creators of a utopia because they emphasized unrealistic rules and because of their treatment of the Yahoo people within their society. Instead it is the Lilliputians people who display the most signs of a potential utopia in Gulliver’s Travels. The theme of their being a possible utopia in Gulliver’s Travels can be seen throughout the…show more content…
This self-importance is important to Swift’s satire in “Gulliver’s Travels” because even the smallest issue is made to be of great political and bureaucratic importance. To put emphasis on this theme in Swift, recalls that a war broke out between Lilliput and Blefuscu because of the proper way to break eggs after an Emperor many years before cut his finger on an eggshell. “Whereupon the Emperor published an edict, commanding all his subjects, under great penalties, to break the smaller end of their eggs. The people so highly resented this law, that our histories tell us there have been six rebellions raised on this account” (Swift 3253). This makes the issues that resulted in England seem equally as silly, especially because so much of the debate was based on how to interpret which end of the egg was the smallest. For the reader, the introduction to Lilliput sounds much like a smaller and more absurd England. As the description of the land and government continues it becomes clear that although the Lilliputians suffer from similar flaws that occur in English society like overbearing government, rebellions over minor issues, and over-regulating small aspects of life.
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