Journal Of Chinese Philosophy : Serial Online

1077 WordsNov 15, 20155 Pages
Prefer this criterion for 4 reasons 1. The obligation to the Other is a moral imperative, it functions on the same level as the “ought” in the resolution. Jun 8 - Jun F. On Lévinas 's Ethics. Journal Of Chinese Philosophy [serial online]. December 1, 2008;35(4):549-560. Available from: Philosopher 's Index, Ipswich, MA. Accessed September 14, 2014. Second, the face [of the other] bears a request and a need, in which resides the vulnerability of the face. The face is an open hand that seeks compensation. It needs something, and asks me for something. This means that the other needs me and anticipates me. The other is poor, which is more severe than being weak. Being poor is the superlative of being weak. The other is so weak that he [they] makes demands on me. Third, the face is [also] a command and an authority. Therefore, the face bears an obligation and a moral value. The face is a moral imperative that holds one from committing crimes, for example, “Thou shalt not kill.” The question is, if the face is an authority and a command, why do people often engage in immoral activities against this command? Does the act of violence mean that this command is unacknowledged? Lévinas replies, “The face is not a force. It is an authority. Authority is often without force.”10 It is commonly said that God is incomparably powerful. He issues orders. If one disobeys, he will punish one. Lévinas considers this to be a modern view. In contrast, the earliest view that cannot be forgotten is
Open Document