Judaism : The Religious Life Of Israel

1590 Words Dec 8th, 2015 7 Pages
Judaism, while there are many, is one of the oldest surviving religions in the world. Judaism is a way of describing an approach to serving God. It is the term used to describe the religious life of Israel. Judaism is a way of life that has been observed by the Jewish people for almost 3,300 years, starting when the ancestral Father of Israel, Abraham was chosen by God. Jews deem themselves as descendants of Abraham and Sarah, Rachel and Jacob and Leah, Zilpah and Bilhah, and Isaac and Rebekah. Orthodox Judaism is the strictest commitment to the traditional beliefs and traditions of all the Jewish observances. It originated in response to the Jewish practice introduced by the Reform movement. Orthodoxy asserts that both the The Torah, which is the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, and the Oral Torah, which is the interpretive Talmud are authoritative regarding observance and Jewish doctrine, instructing modern Orthodox Jews to maintain and support ancient Jewish law.
The word Judaism derives from Judah, one of Jacob the patriarch’s, sons. The descendants of ten of Jacob 's sons plus two of his grandsons made the two tribes of Hebrews who emigrated from Egypt. There are three main branches of Judaism, Orthodox, Reform and Conservative. While each branch has deeper layers, Reform seeks to modernize Judaism. It emerged after the ghetto life was emancipated in the late 18th century. Conservative Judaism emerged in Germany in the 19th century as a reaction to the extreme…
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