Julian Rotter & Walter Mischel's Theories Essay

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Julian Rotter and Walter Mischel both theorized that cognitive aspects, more so than direct reinforcements, establish human reactions to environmental influences. Both psychologists propose that human expectations of impending events are the foremost factors in determining human performance. Recognized for his cognitive social learning model of personality, Mischel’s theory centered on the particular cognitive variables that intervene with the way new experiences influence a person (Feist & Feist, 2009).
The assumption of Julian Rotter’s theory on cognitive social learning is that humans learn from watching others and in the course of observing others imitate different behaviors. The central premise behind his theory is that the
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Furthermore, they contend that the social learning theory does not consider the differences of individuals resulting from genetic, intellectual, and learning differences (Isom, 1998).

Cognitive social learning theory unites the thoroughness of learning theory with the hypothesis that humans are anticipatory beings. The theory rates high on generating research and on internal consistence although it rates as average on falsification and organizing data. However, both Rotter’s and Mischel’s hypotheses have ignited a wealth of research.

Rotter's locus of control model is among psychology’s most frequently researched subjects. Mischel's concept of delayed gratification and cognitive-affective personality system also garners extensive consideration. Supplementary research regarding this theory includes health associated behaviors such as nicotine addiction, alcohol abuse, and harmful eating habits (Feist & Feist, 2002).

Rotter’s theory has made a great impact on cognitive social learning. Today his research has brought about new theories in the field of psychology (Feist & Feist, 2009). The theories posited by Rotter to explain human behavior are used by psychologists in all areas, principally the areas of interest to clinical psychologists and counselors such as alcohol and drug abuse (Wallston, 1992). During the last four decades social learning theory has become progressively more cognitive in its analysis of the manner in which humans
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