Ethel’s brother, David Greenglass was working in New Mexico on an atomic bomb. Because the Rosenbergs were communists, and their relationship with Greenglass, they were accused of passing information regarding the bomb to the Soviet Union, when they really did nothing wrong. Despite their desperate pleas of innocence, “President Dwight D. Eisenhower twice rejected pleas for clemency. The Rosenbergs were executed on June 19, 1953” (Reeves). The president's allegiance is a symbol because it represents American ideas. To Eisenhower and the House of Un-American Activities Committee, communism was a threat to what the government already was. Communists were thought to support Russia, and they could not have those ideas spread around America. Eisenhower cared more about what America stood for rather than his own innocent citizens. The House of Un-American Activities Committee and Eisenhower’s loyalty to what they wanted the image and ideas of America to be was greater than their own citizens, making the decision to execute the Rosenbergs and easy one. The Rosenbergs did not do anything wrong, but in Eisenhower’s mind, just like Bill Hutchinson’s mind in “The Lottery”, they dismissed what the victims were saying and executed them. The innocent victims of both events had ideas that were never shared because people of higher authority refused to listen to them, and they both suffered from them. The higher power stuck with the traditions and
mysteries which occurred in 1953 was the electrocution of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg under the Espionage Act. They were convicted for giving the secret information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. The anti-communist sentiment that characterized the Cold War and McCarthyism led to their trial and execution. Even though there is some evidence of the Rosenbergs' guilt, numerous facts which were discovered after the death of Ethel and Julius argue more convincingly that they were innocent victims of Cold War hysteria.
During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union created an alliance to prevent Nazi Germany from spreading their fascist and radical ideals, but after the war, it quickly became apparent that both countries had intentions to exploit their previously stable relationship. Shortly after World War II, the
Joe McCarthy enjoyed a short reign in the spotlight of American politics in the early 1950s. His tactics, the baseless accusations of Communist ties, would come to be called McCarthyism and they set the tone of the American crusade against the ‘threat’ of Communism for years to come. The era in which the heavily anti-Communist McCarthyism reigned in America was one marked by fear, suspicion, and tightly geld ideals. Many found themselves under fire from the political witch hunts and more than one life was destroyed by the accusations brought upon it. The illegalization of the Communist movement and the misfortune that a Communist branding would cause were all unfortunate products of a fallacy filled mindset what stripped Americans of their
Hitler’s generals strongly disagreed with his policies even to the point of attempting an assassination. Multiple times Hitler’s officer tried to stop him from wreaking havoc on the German way of life. Their repeated warnings went unheard, resulting in Germany’s downfall. The German war effort was vastly influenced by the Anti-Nazi tendencies of Hitler’s senior officers.
Adolf Hitler was appointed German Chancellor on January 30, 1933. His regime brought citizens no guaranteed basic rights. In 1933, the first Nazi concentration camps were built. The initial camps imprisoned political opponents, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, gypsies, and others classified as dangerous. During Hitler’s first six years, German Jews had more than 400 decrees and regulations. The first major law against the Jews was, the “Law for Restoration of the Professional Civil Service” of April 7, 1933. That law made Jews and “politically unreliable” employees excluded from state service. The laws began to go further by, restricting the numbers of Jews in schools and colleges, and taking business away from Jewish doctors and
Throughout World War II there were two dictators who stand out, Hitler and Stalin. Hitler was a dictator in Germany and brought death too many people who he did not considered pure blood. Stalin was a Soviet Union dictator, who killed many peasants. Stalin and Hitler’s history is different from each other. At one point history make them alike. Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin were different men, from different countries, enemies that had the same goal, and become powerful leaders of their country
Fearing the unknown is a common aspect of human nature. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were an average married couple living in New York City during the Cold War. They were members of the Communist Party when anti-Communist feelings in the United States were at their peak. Little did they know that as they continued with their daily lives, a series of investigations were being conducted that would soon land them in the electric chair. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused and convicted of passing along confidential atomic bomb information to Soviet Union spies. After a long battle, they were executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison in 1953. The couple never admitted guilt to the charges, and their conviction and execution caused their two young boys to grow up without parents. The Rosenberg trial is still considered one of the most controversial events in United States history. Few other trials have instigated as much debate, aroused such passion or generated as many books and articles. Thus the question arises: in what ways and to what extent did the hysteria of the Cold War lead to the trial and execution of the Rosenbergs?
Amidst the frenzy of the cold war, Americans turned frigid towards anyone who supported communism. Among those prosecuted were Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Julius was a member of the communist party in his youth, and was fired from the United States Army when they found out about his past political beliefs. Two years later he rejoined the communist party, and convinced his wife to join as well. On July 17, 1950, Julius Rosenberg was arrested for spying and providing Russia with secrets about the atomic bomb; accused by David Greenglass, former business partner and brother in law. Ethel Rosenberg was arrested on August 11, 1950 and Morton Sobell was also arrested shortly after, both for aiding Julius’s espionage activities. The three defendants refused to answer questions about the communist party, pleading the fifth amendment, but denied the other charges. The trial ended, and the jury found the three guilty of espionage, and the Rosenbergs were sentenced to death, and Sobell to 30 years in prison. There were appeals to the U.S. Supreme Court, and one was almost accepted, but lost by a single vote. The Rosenbergs were killed by electrocution on June 19, 1953, and are the only civilians to have their lives be ended for the crime of espionage. Citizens of the
While both of the figures were in power, it was vital that they had a way to stop any opposition that challenged them. When Joseph Mccarthy controlled the people of the United States, it was essential that he had a plan for ways to cut down any opposition. If someone opposed him, he could then accuse them of supporting communism. Therefore, many people were afraid to accuse McCarthy of lying. There were also other examples of punishment for communism throughout the Red Scare. The Rosenbergs were a couple in New York with two kids. They may have appeared innocent, but they were actually unmistakably supporters of communism (Reeves “Rosenberg”). Ethel Greenglass was born in New York City, 1915 (“Ethel”). When she was older, she worked at the
In Ellen Schreckers book The Age of McCarthyism she provides us with J. Edgar Hoover's testimony to Congress and Sidney Hook's "Cold War Liberal View of the Communist Threat" as a result, both testimonies aim to persuade the audience on the reality of communism.
Hitler and Stalin will probably go down in history as two of the greatest known evil leaders of the 20th Century. You might ask what could bring two men to become the menaces they were. What kind of upbringing would cause someone to turnout the way they did?