The movie Juno is not only an excellent representation of film and the creative process coming together to create characters and a story that draws in the audience and allows them to invest themselves in the lives of the characters, but it is also an excellent example of the developmental process. This is because the movie reflects not only the development of its protagonist Juno MacGuff and her emotional growth and development, but also her physical development throughout her pregnancy.
The movie “Mean Girls”, featuring Lindsay Lohan and Tina Fey, is a comedic film about a girl in high school who has to deal with all the problems, pressures, and choices of growing up in American society in comparison to that of being homeschooled in Africa. This motion picture was the perfect platform for showcasing various types of behavioral psychology. When Cady first moves from Africa to attend a public school she is a nice, innocent, respectful teenage girl. Her behavior quickly changes and these alterations can be explained through both the Freudian and Behaviorist perspectives.
Another characteristic is imaginary audience. This is a form of self-consciousness acting as an “observer” that exists only in the mind and is as concerned with the adolescent’s thoughts and actions as the adolescent is. An example of this is when Juno and Paulie are fighting towards the end of the film. She is upset that he is taking someone else to prom and begins to criticize herself. She refers to herself as “a planet” and feels down about the way she looks. This overly dramatic self-consciousness that Juno displays in this scene is usually not shown throughout the movie. It was shown most likely because of her hormones and the feelings she had been keeping suppressed for Paulie.
Behaviorism was established to make psychology a respectable science, Sometimes called the “black box” psychology. Behaviourists believe we are all “products of our environment” John Watson, the founder of behaviourism said “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up and I’ll to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and even beggarman and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities and race of his ancestors.” (McLeod, 2016) So according to behaviorists, we learn our behavior. Behaviorists are concerned with three types of learning; Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, and Observational learning
4. Why it is important to you to study this discipline in a school that emphasizes cultural awareness, competence, and understanding of diversity (see our Commitment to Diversity Statement).
This essay will compare and contrast two theories of behaviour management by Carl Rogers and BF Skinner and argue ways in which one of these theories could be implemented for a particular context and practice. Roger’s theory is based on a humanistic approach, while Skinner’s theory takes a behaviourist approach; each theory has both benefits and shortcomings. Their views form opposite ends of the learning spectrum. These theories will be examined as their respective works address the underlying issue of how children learn to behave.
In this class we’ve learned that both Behavior Theory and Cognitive Behavior Theory both help explain human behavior through an A-B-C model or method. What are the A-B-Cs of Cognitive Behavior Theory?
Applied behavioral analysis (ABA) is the leading scientific method that helps patients with Autism to overcome their condition. In order to improve their condition, ABA specialists focus on a system of reward, which encourages positive actions like speech, social activity and life skill improvements. This works mostly with children as they are more likely to absorb and accept new challenges; this is commonly referred to as "positive reinforcement" in the literature and has become one of the leading directions for treatment. ABA therapy was devised and implemented by Dr. O. Ivar Lovaas at UCLA in 1987. Since then, ABA therapy has become a leading branch of psychology - behaviorism.
This article offers strategies for teachers to use to help their most challenging students with behavioral issues. One of the authors is a child psychiatrist who works with at-risk children and the other is a behavior analyst and special educator. Their approach is based on the premise that educators can only control certain elements in the classroom and their own behavior when it comes to students with challenging behavior. The created the acronym FAIR:”F is for understanding the function of the behavior, A is for accommodations, I is for interaction strategies, and R is for responses” (2). The function of behavior can include escaping from something, obtaining a tangible thing, engaging in sensory activities, and getting attention. These functions are the benefits the student gets from the behavior. The escape motivated behavior happens when a student tries to avoid a “task, demand, situation, or person” (3). The tangible behavior occurs when the student wants to get objects like money or feed or something else they want. Sensory behavior happens when a student tries to get the attention of an adult or classmate. This can occur when the student is “bellergent, screaming, or continually interrupting the teacher” (3). Negative attention can reinforce attention-seeking behavior because it is better than nothing and the student may prefer it because it is more predictable than positive attention. Taking ABC
I also agree that management has to be able to change and grow and continue to listen to any upward communication from the staff. In order to accomplish better communication, management should provide an ‘open-door’ policy and also informal meetings where employees can either feel free to go to their supervisors first with any questions or concerns and also raise issues with resources or basically anything that interferes with their job performance (Newstrom, 2014, p. 70).
The 2007 romantic comedy film, Juno, follows the journey of 16 year old Juno MacGuff as she is confronted with the surprise of dealing with an unexpected pregnancy. Making the decision to have the baby and give it up for adoption, Juno’s journey centers around the result of that decision. There are a number of developmental theories that can be applied to Juno’s journey, however the one that will be expounded upon in this paper will be Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory.
Behaviorism, cognitive and humanistic are all perspectives (or theories) of psychology. Behaviorism is a perspective that suggests that all behaviors are learned. What I mean by that is according to John B. Watson who founded the school of psychology, suggests the behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed. [ (Cherry, 2012) ] Based on article written by Kendra Cherry, behaviorism is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning and there are two major types of conditioning which are Classical conditioning and Operant
A significant piece of several psychological theories in the late nineteenth century was introspection, which is “the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes” (Press, 2013). In retort to this theory behaviorism came about. Behaviorism is predominantly concerned with observable and measurable aspects of human behavior. In other words behaviorism does not look at the biological aspects but it suggests that all behaviors are learned habits and changes in response to the environment. It endeavors to explain how these particular habits are formed. Behaviorism claimed that the causes of behavior was not necessarily found in the complexities of the mind but could be observed in one’s immediate environment, from stimuli that produced, reinforced, and punished certain responses also known later on as conditioning. It wasn’t until the twentieth century that the scientist began to discover the actual systems to learning, thereby laying a foundation for behaviorism. A theorist by the name of Ivan Pavlov was a major contribution to the discovering of significant behavioral theories.
While the study of human genes is increasingly improving our understanding of human development, it is not solely our genetic makeup that determines how we will develop. Humans as a species share many universal traits, which make it easy to disregard the large influence the environment plays in development. Throughout the lifespan, the environment presents itself in many different positions that help determine and shape human development. By looking at the influence of the environment and genetics on human development we are able to create a more holistic view of this process and gain a better understanding of the complexities involved within it. Through this comprehensive lens, it is easy to see how probabilistic human development offers the greatest amount of explanation, unlike the predetermined views of genetic influence in the past, and that environmental influence has an extensive impact on human behavior.