Jury Trial And The Criminal Justice System

1754 Words Jan 12th, 2015 8 Pages
A jury trial is most commonly used in criminal trials, but in some cases can be used in a civil trial. Steve Wilson et al. clarify that ‘during a trial, the judge directs the jury to the relevant principles of the law and evidence. The jury’s job in a trial is to determine issues of fact.’ A jury trial is considered to be the more impartial trial in a court of law as the jury reach their verdict based on facts they’ve heard rather than the law therefore taking things the judge alone would not take into consideration when trying the defendant. There are several advantages regarding trials by a jury, however, research shows there are also a range of disadvantages within these trials that may be a cause for concern if ever bought to the public eye. Throughout this essay analyses will be made on both the advantages and disadvantages of a jury trial and a conclusion will be drawn on how they can affect the jury trials and if this is an underlying problem within the English criminal justice system.
The system allowing defendants to be trialled by a jury has been ongoing since the 12th century. The jurors’ role in that time was to act as a witness and provide evidence to the courtroom but then when Henry ll took charge he altered it so the jury of 12 men were to resolve disputes based on facts and evidence. Nowadays, according to the Juries 1974 sec. 1, Criminal Justice Act sec. 119 ‘In England and Wales, juries are selected from a list of those who are registered as parliamentary…
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