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Justice In Tijuana-San Diego

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The urban space not only reflects the profound changes in people's lives, but also reveals many social problems. Different element which includes the building, neighborhoods, housing and transportation create a sense of spatial relationship and emphasize the importance of equality in opportunity and comprehensive development. According to the article of “Why Spatial, Why Justice, Why LA”, Edward W. Soja defines the concept of “spatiality justice” as, “an integral and formative component of justice itself, a vital part of how justice and injustice are socially constructed and evolve over time” (1, Soja). In this way, he illustrates that the spatial justice becomes fundamentally important in our society and the struggle over geography is…show more content…
Meanwhile, its core is to maximize both efficiency and fairness in a region. However, today, many cities emerge a complex social contradictions and spatial injustice, the Mexico-U.S. border, Tijuana-San Diego is one of the example. Tijuana is a city where full of migrants. Since it is just a wall between the United States and Mexico, many Mexico immigrate to Tijuana to pursuit of a better job opportunity in the industry and start a new life. In fact, the background history of Tijuana is similar to the Chicano Park, both of the land are inhabited with Mexican immigrants and Mexican-Americans, and the resentment also grew with the rising of the Industrial Revolution in the early 19th century. Behind the prosperity in Tijuana, many people has ignored the residents who explore from the industrial hazards in their neighborhoods. Their homeland was rezoned as mixed residential and industrial. Even though, they were suffering from different pollution, there is no one help them and lodge a formal complaint. At the same time, a lack of public transportation in Tijuana restricts their job opportunity and forces them to live near their working industry in…show more content…
Tijuana, San Diego, it is not only a a dominant manufacturing center in the San diego, but also a home of more than 4000000 people. The promotion of the industrial development results in the dramatically grew of the maquiladora industry. Nonetheless, few people notice the environmental health effects of maquiladoras which the low-income and minority group are facing in their neighborhoods. When the harmful industry activities are unevenly distributed in the area of Tijuana, the spatial injustice also emergences. Actually, the people who live in Tijuana expose in a higher age-infant mortality and perinatal mortality comparing to other district in San Diego. Everyday, the resident breathes in the toxic air and even uses the polluted water which flows from the maquiladoras. The growing of factories in this area causes a serious threat to the health of the resident due to the solvents, acids, and heavy metals. On the other hand, the air quality problem in Tijuana is extremely serious when the level of black carbon were two times higher than in other place of San Diego. In fact, Soja demonstrates about the idea of unjust geographies when he mentions, “Unjust geographies arises endogenously or internally from the distributional inequalities through decision making by individual, firms and government” (9, Soja). When the city planner and government allow the
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