Justified or Unjustified: America Builds the First Nuclear Weapon

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On August 2, 1938, in the heat of World War II, Albert Einstein, a physicist born in Germany, sent a letter to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd president of the United States. The letter suggested America to build an atomic bomb before the Nazi Germany does. However, it took more than two months for the letter to reach Roosevelt. On October 19, 1938, Roosevelt agreed, replying, “I found this data of such import that I have convened a Board … to thoroughly investigate the possibilities of your suggestion regarding the element of uranium” (“President Roosevelt's response to Dr. Einstein”). As a result, America held a secret program, code named Manhattan Project, and started to build new, destructive weapons in a laboratory in Los Alamos,…show more content…
Harry S. Truman once said in his speech, “The atom bomb was no 'great decision.' It was merely another powerful weapon in the arsenal of righteousness” (“Biography of Harry Truman”). It didn’t matter whether the decision to build and drop the bomb was worthy or not, it was just another weapon for righteousness.
Yet the atomic bombs were not only made to be used as a weapon, but also to develop and prove America’s science and technology. In Einstein’s letter to FDR, he stated, “Some recent work … leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the immediate future” (“Letter from Albert Einstein to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt”). As the development of science and technology gained its importance, it was crucial for America and the world to have enough energy. Also, the atomic bombs had over 20,000 tons of TNT, and were 20,000 times more powerful than the largest bomb to date (“1945: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima”). The atomic bombs were not like the other bombs used in war, but they needed special scientific skills and techniques to design. During Truman’s speech on August 6th, he said, “The force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war to the Far East” (“Announcing the Bombing of Hiroshima”). The power of atomic

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