In Richard Wright’s Black Boy, Richard’s interactions with his family and the white world force him to mature at an early age. First, Richard is forced by his family to mature through harsh beatings and verbal abuse that give him a strong sense of independence. Second, the loss of Richard’s father and other adult figures in his life forces him to accept a larger position in the household. Third, interactions with white people and racism force Richard to address them with complete conformity and respect. Richard struggles with his early maturation and attempts to avoid it by rebelling against his family and the white world.
Segregation had had many effects on the black nation, to the point that it started building up ones character, “See the depressing clouds of inferiority begin to form in her little mental sky and see her begin to distort her little personality by unconsciously developing a bitterness towards white people”, King shows readers that segregation is even affecting little children, that it is starting to build up a young girls character and is contributing to the child developing hatred “bitterness” towards the white Americans. King makes readers imagine a black cloud settling in a young girls brain mentally, when instead she should have an image of a colorful blue sky with a rainbow, isn’t that suppose to be part of a 6 year-old’s imagination? King gives readers an image of destruction civil disobedience had created in the black community, especially in the young innocent little children.
Mrs. Harrison believes that black people have to earn the white people’s respect, trust, freedoms and equality. Mrs. Harrison says to Bob, “You mustn’t think in terms of trying to get even with them, you must accept whatever they do for you and try to prove yourself worthy to be entrusted with more” (52). She states that if black people work hard enough, the white people will reward them. She also wants the black community to wait for the white people to “give” them something better, to accept what the white people “do for them.” She compares the idea of black and white people equality to communism. She tells Bob that he needs to make himself worthy of respect. “You know yourself, Bob, a lot of our people are just not worthy, they just don’t deserve anymore than they’re getting” (52). These comments illustrate how class has a great influence on Mrs. Harrison’s point of view on race. Without having to work and being rich, she is ignorant of the racial discrimination that a day to day skilled worker of Bob’s color has to go through. Like her daughter Alice, Mrs. Harrison has been given special treatment by the white people for her lighter skin, and her social and economic class.
The second obstacle that Junior overcame was poverty. Being an Indian and living on the reservation he grew up with little to no money, and any money they did have his dad drank away. One common thing that Junior heard when he asked his dad for a ride to school in Reardan was, “’Don’t have enough gas,’ (Alexie70).” Junior never let the fact that his parents didn’t have any money stop him from going to school. He would either walk or hitchhike his way there even if he would be late. Junior was very determined to get to school to create that future he was dreaming of. He didn’t want the kids at Reardan to think of him as any different as they were. One way he did this was by pretending he had money, “My parents gave me just enough money so that I could pretend to have more money than I did, (Alexie119).” He knew he was poor, but he didn’t want his friends to know he was too. Junior wanted to be like everyone else and just fit in. He didn’t want the kids to think just because he was poor he couldn’t hang out with them. Eventually his friends discover that he has little money. They didn’t even think about not hanging out with him. They actually offer to help him and give him rides. If anything the fact that they knew more about him made him more popular with them. Junior would walk to school when there was no gas, he would hang out and go places with friends even when they knew he was poor. When Junior lets loose, he becomes a better person an overcomes his poverty with
From the beginning of the story, we are shown racial inequalities. Ellison introduces us to our character who is a broke and hungry African American economically struggling to save his lady friend’s, Laura’s, life. The protagonist “got no birth certificate to
The case study subjects were specifically chosen for their differing backgrounds. One subject was an African American female in her early 40’s that was educated in a segregated school system. The other, a young African American male in his mid-20’s, taught in the same urban school system in which he was educated. Clark indicated during the interview that African
The fathers force the light skinned kids learn their language, culture and lifestyle. But kids like John were not allowed to do the aboriginal people’s thing also the fathers were not allowed them to do ‘These things are the fathers did not know. Because the fathers did not know them, they were not allowed. And because they were not allowed, as the years went by, most people forget them.’ The fathers provide everything they need for daily life, but their parents are not allowed to come and visit them just like John said in the novel ‘Still, it’s not like home’. Therefore, it can prove most white people they didn’t know the aboriginal people’s culture and they didn’t be respect to their lifestyle. So, it is a strong proof shows the white against aboriginal people’s cultures and lifestyle.
Another example of social inequality in Evicted was not in the housing market, but when Desmond witnessed a police officer harassing Arleen’s eldest son, Ger-Ger. Desmond describes the experience by saying, “I watched a police officer pull his patrol car up to Ger-Ger, Arleen’s eldest son, and say, ‘Man you’re fucked up!’...When I came out of the apartment for a closer look, the officer looked at me and drove away. He might have acted differently had I not been a white man with a notepad.” (P. 322). Desmond was not only witnessing inequality in the housing market, but also within the police department. When I read this, I could not believe that the police would rather harass a young black man than keep the streets of Milwaukee clean. Desmond witnessed this inequality firsthand, and I think he saw how unfairly these families were treated. In Hillbilly Elegy, Vance described a lack of social acceptance from the people in Middletown towards the people from Appalachia. Vance described the way that hillbillies handled many problems as “Hillbilly Justice.” This form of problem solving within their community was highly frowned upon by the suburbanites of Middletown. The culture of Appalachia was highly irregular, but that is not a reason to look down upon or discriminate against a group of people. J.D even described that when he was in Middletown, he
The perspective showed in this book is cultural, as their environments have shaped Wes Moore and the other Wes Moore as well as their nationality and social community. Even know both Wes Moore’s grew up in fairly similar ways their choices are the one thing that made them different in the end. This book explains how both boys are surrounded by older kids that have surrounded themselves with drugs to the point where they wouldn’t know another way to live. From this both Wes Moore’s are already immersed into the drug culture and environment that all it takes is one wrong decision for them to be like the older kids. Being African American in the late 1990’s has a big impact on the way people
Throughout the book, Conley discusses elements of race and class based on his own experiences. He has an advantaged perspective in that his parents have been living in the southern part of town before he was born, making it so that his parent’s previous experiences also shape his view. He discusses race and class, declaring the statement that “race and class are nothing more than a set of stories we tell ourselves to get through the world, to organize reality.” (pg.7) What he means by ‘organizing reality’ connects to the concept of racial hierarchy as well the social distance scale. Although Conley’s parents aren’t the wealthiest white people, their black and Hispanic neighbors felt the need to stay away from them. Because of their skin color, they felt a gap between themselves. Conley’s parents were not racist but because
Byron and Kenny, however, experience prejudice as they attend a predominantly African American school. The author clarifies this prejudice as their school teacher emphasizes, “I 've often told you that as Negroes the world is many times a hostile place for us” (pg. 23). The two sons of the Watsons may not experience racism in Michigan since they aren’t around many non-African American individuals as compared to the south.
As told through different people’s stories and Elijah’s perspective, they explain that because of their state in class experiencing poverty is the reason for their current lifestyle. These families are further prone to facing illness, depression, job loss, death, criminal victimization or even eviction. The parents who face the hard economic times can make them retributive or uneven, trying to demand their needs backed with punishments, insults or threats. The results are mainly due to the loss of jobs. Industries that these families have held jobs to have shut down and relocated out of the inner city. However, it’s difficult for them to acquire these jobs since many require advanced education or don’t pay enough causing a high unemployment rate, especially when these African Americans are dependent on welfare and trapped in the inner-city ghettos. There’s also been a significant increase in numbers of single women in poverty alone, mainly as single mothers. The feminization of poverty has affected African-American women more than any other group. Because of this, it can be related to numerous changes in contemporary America. Increases in unwanted births, separations, and divorces have forced growing numbers of women to lead destitute households. Within these divorces, fathers are avoiding child support coupled with reduction in welfare support have forced the women-headed households to
African American boys are doubly displaced among society. Ann Arnett Ferguson says, “they are not seen as childlike but adultified; as black males they are denied the masculine dispensation constituting white males as being “naturally naughty” and are discerned as willfully bad”(page 80). These African American boys are thought of being two things, either a criminal or an endangered species. They are not allowed to be naughty by nature according to society, but rather there naughtiness is a sign of vicious, inherent, insubordinate behavior. African americans are seen as endangered victims, which makes them criminals. Ferguson states, “It is their own maladaptive and inappropriate behavior that causes African americans to self-destruct”(page 82). There are two versions of childhood that are contradictory to each other. A real child would be seen as a “little plants” ready to grow up accordingly which is what white men were like to educators. On the other hand the African American boys were seen as children who are powerful, self centered, and have an agenda of their own. These black boys are seen as adults from such a young age, they don’t have time to be young and grow up because others make it seem like they are already fully grown. This drives them in the path to do bad things and make bad decisions.
Social interaction plays an important role in people’s life starting from the early childhood as infants interact with their caregivers and build the emotional attachment that is the base for future relationships. By social interaction with others children learn how to communicate, play and behave in particular situation. Berk (2009) proposed the overview of the literature that concentrates upon the early attachment and its importance. Knowing the influence of social interaction on child development in the first few years, the essay is going to elaborate upon the implication of social interaction on the development of cognition. Cognitive development as Lee & Gupta (eds.) claimed is the term that refers to acquisition and development of