Justin Trudeau's Two Alternatives To FPTP

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While the Liberals did not formally propose an alternative to FPTP, Justin Trudeau offered two alternatives in a 2015 speech in Ottawa – ranked ballots, and proportional representation (Minsky, 2015). Ranked ballots, otherwise known as Alternative Vote (AV) work similarly to FPTP. However, instead of simply indicating their favourite candidate on the ballot, voters rank candidates from most to least preferred. Candidates must then reach at least 50% to win the race. Should this not happen on the first counting, the lowest-scoring candidate is dropped, and their votes are assigned to each voter’s indicated second choice. While this method does improve on FPTP in that it requires at least a 50% majority to win even when three or more candidates
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