Juvenile Courts Essay

891 Words 4 Pages
Serious crimes such as murder, burglary and rape have raised questions as to whether the young offenders should face severe punitive treatment or the normal punitive measures in juvenile courts. Many would prefer the juveniles given harsh punishment in order to discourage other young people from engaging in similar activities and to serve as a lesson to these particular offenders. However, results from previous studies indicate such punitive measures were neither successful nor morally acceptable. Instead, the solutions achieved have unfairly treated the youths and compromised the society status (Kristin, page 1).
Several studies conducted to determine impacts of transfers of cases from juvenile courts to adult criminal courts for trial
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However, the transfer laws do not lower the juvenile crime rates. For example, in New York a law that sent violent juvenile offenders to criminal courts did not have an effect on violent juvenile crime. Serious crimes presented before the adult criminal court included murder, assault, burglary, rape and arson. In other cases, young offenders become aware of the consequences once tried in the adult courts. When committing the crimes, they think that they will receive light punishments imposed by juvenile courts but when referred to adult courts, the youth tend to become more responsible. Therefore, prior knowledge of resultant punishment plays role in crime reduction among the youths. Subjecting the young offenders to face adult courts brings to their attention the seriousness of the matter at hand (Jeff, page 8).
A comparison of young offenders charged in New Jersey’s juvenile court and in New York’s criminal court shows that youths convicted for serious crimes in criminal courts repeated crimes at a higher rate after their release than the ones tried in juvenile courts. From the many research conducted, the following is evident; transferred juveniles are more likely to offend, and there is a greater likelihood of re-arrest of offenders. In fact, a hundred-percentage likelihood of re-arrest of violent offense criminals, and these transfers increase recidivisms among the offenders (Lonn, page 82).
Juveniles tried as adults suffer stigmatization from the
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