Juvenile Delinquency

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I. Introduction
A. Opener:
B. Thesis statement: This term paper explores how family issues attribute to juvenile delinquency and how to overcome it.
II. First and foremost, an unstable family structure is one of the contributing factors to juvenile delinquency.
A. Single-parent household vs. two-parent household
B. Child maltreatment
1. emotional neglect
2. physical abuse
III. Secondly, studies have shown that juvenile delinquency is conclusively related to the family environment.
A. Family cohesion
B. Increasing number of siblings
1. large family size
2. less attention from parents
3. more conflicts occur among family members
IV. Moreover, one of the determinants which leads to juvenile delinquency is parents’ behavior.
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This is because family is the primary setting where children start to learn acceptable way of socializing and thinking. Physical abuse from their parents has encouraged them to practice aggressive behavior to solve problem and obtain desired results (Boss, 2012). Furthermore, Weatherburn and Lind (1997) found that children who have been being emotional neglect are more likely to involve in social crime. Research has shown that teenagers who are being emotionally neglect for a long period may feel depress and anxious may result in illicit drug, teen suicide and alcohol abuse (Hammen, 1996). Besides, they may also feel insecure and use violent acts to protect themselves. Abandonment leads them to join gangs in order to find the sense of belonging. Additionally, long period of rejection and abandonment may cause teenagers to become emotionally numb. They can feel neither sympathy nor care. Thus, they do not feel either guilty or regret for their violent behavior. Besides, they are also not able to consider the consequences of their aggressive acts rationally (Hammen, 1996).
Secondly, studies have shown that juvenile delinquency is conclusively related to the family environment (Hammen, 1996). As one of the strongest socializing forces in life, family is the primary place to cultivate children’s behavior. According to Hammen (1996), the presence of affectionate relationship between family
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