Juvenile Justice And Juvenile Delinquency

1675 WordsMar 19, 20177 Pages
Juvenile Justice has been a work in progress from the beginning of the program because of the evolving mentality of the generations. The purpose of Juvenile Justice was to correct the behavior of the juvenile delinquents and rehabilitation through a probationary period monitored by an individual who paid for bail and periodically reported behavior changes to courts. (Mulligan 2009) We do justice to the youth offenders by understanding the history of Juvenile Justice restorative programs, the alternatives to incarceration, and how to help them amend their actions and behavior. The history of Juvenile Justice went from incarceration with adults to reform back to incarceration in separate facilities and similar rights as adult offenders.…show more content…
Because of the efforts, juvenile court spread to 46 states by 1925. (Eskin, 1991) Constitutional rights were given to juvenile offenders in 1967, when the Juvenile Justice was under scrutiny for unfair treatment. A Supreme Court reviewed a case that sentenced a 15 year old Gerald Gault to detention until the age of 21 for making an obscene phone call. The Supreme Court case determined that juveniles are entitled to many of the same adult rights and have the right to know their charges, have legal representation, and the right not to testify against their own selves. (Eskin, 1991) It is beneficial for society to know and understand the Restorative programs and how juveniles can amend their actions and correct their behavior. (Hagan and King 1992) Juvenile Justice is often thought of as dealing with juveniles who commit theft or unruly. Society today has to face the reality that the current generation of juveniles are committing crimes such as murder, drug offenses, and sexual assaults. Restorative justice is known through objectives and in contrast to the former retributive and rehabilitative beliefs of punishment. (Mulligan 2009) Community-based juvenile justice programs focus on developing the competency development of the youth offender to ensure the youth successful completion of the programs in order to exit the juvenile justice system and become contributing law abiding members of the community. The
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