Juvenile Justice in Nepal

4049 Words Dec 25th, 2010 17 Pages
Term Paper On

Social Context of Children in Nepal Juvenile Justice

Submitted to: Submitted by:

Dr. Bala Raju Nikku Bidhya Joshi Bikina Chhetri

Kadambari Memorial College Date: 21st November, 2010

Juvenile Justice:
Juvenile justice is the area of criminal law applicable to persons not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. In most states, juvenile justice law is applicable to those under 18 years old. Juvenile law is mainly governed by the juvenile justice codes of states. The main goal of the juvenile justice system is rehabilitation rather than punishment.
Juvenile justice is administered through a
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In practice however these safeguards are not consistently respected and the investigation systems are not child friendly.

• The government of Nepal has established only one correctional home which is located in Kathmandu valley.

Status of Children in Nepal:
The population of children (below 18 years of age) is 12.2 million - around 48% of total population. Every week, 2000 children or every day 191 children lose their lives due to the country's indifference towards them. The under-five mortality rate is 59 out of every 1000 live births. Out of 3.6 million children under five years of age, 62% do not have access to basic health services. Every year 50,000 children die of preventable diseases. 39% children do not get to finish primary education. 2.6 million Children are working as child labourers in order to make out a living. Among them, 127,000 children's lives are in danger. Child marriage before the age of eighteen is at 51%. Every year, 12,000 children and women are trafficked in Nepal. Among them, 20% of children are below 16 years of age. Children are trafficked for domestic work, carpet weaving, circus, forced marriage and prostitution. (World Vision International Nepal, 2009) Fig.2: Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, 2006

Demographic Indicators to the top

Population (thousands), 2008, under 18 12666
Population (thousands), 2008, under 5 3535
Population annual growth rate (%), 1970–1990 2.4
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