Juvenile Offenders And Juvenile Delinquency

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Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is participation in illegal behavior by minors8. A juvenile delinquent in the United States is a person who is typically under the age of 17 and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. Depending on the type and severity of the offense committed, it is possible for persons under 18 to be charged and tried as adults. Juvenile crimes can range from status offenses (such as underage smoking), to property crimes and violent crimes. The first Juvenile court was formed in the year 1899 in Chicago, Illinois. In earlier times juveniles were not granted the same rights as adults. They did not have basic constitutional rights. A few important cases changed how juveniles were treated and represented. Today Juveniles are granted due process of the law. This is due to many things including these following cases: Kent, Gault, Winship, and McKeiver. Also due to the changes are transfer laws and the Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Act. Today, youth gangs exist in nearly every state. A gang is basically an organized group of criminals fill with mostly juveniles. Some different types of gangs are Latin King, Crip, Bloods and etc. One expert estimates that more than 3,875 youth gangs with a total of more than 200,000 gang members are established in the 79 largest U.S. cities. Gang activity has extended beyond the inner city of major population centers into smaller communities and
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