Juvenile Offenders And The Adult Courts For Trial

1102 Words Jun 5th, 2016 5 Pages
Tennessee, like many other states, has provisions, provided for in the state laws, for the transfer of juvenile offenders to the adult courts for trial. The youth court has to follow the procedures, which are outlined in the statute, to include the minimum age of a juvenile, who is to be transferred to the adult courts, and the specific crimes for which such a transfer may take place. While I recognize, as the United States Supreme Court did in Roper v. Simmons, (2005), that children are immature, and easily led astray, there are times when the protection of the community mandates that certain juveniles be treated as adults. This should be done on a case by case basis, and only for the most heinous and violent crimes. In the state of Tennessee, juveniles may be transferred to the adult courts once they have reached the minimum age of 16, and have committed a felony crime (Tenn. Code, 2010). Section 37-1-134 of the Tennessee Code allows for these transfers to take place, but only after a hearing in the youth court, and only if the juvenile was represented by counsel, the crime committed was a felony, and if the youth court can show cause as to why the transfer would best to serve the needs of the community and the juvenile. These hearings are to be conducted so that the youth court can determine if probable cause exists as to whether or not the juvenile committed the crime they have been charged with, or that the juvenile has not been committed to a mental health…
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