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Juvenile Periodontitis

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DHYG 3212 Research Project
Juvenile Periodontitis
Kayla Horn
University of Arkansas – Fort Smith Abstract
The purpose of this research project is to explain what people in the field of dental hygiene are saying about juvenile periodontitis. Periodontal disease can be defined as two forms, aggressive and chronic. Some of the contributing factors of periodontal disease include poor oral hygiene care, heredity, or problems with immune system. The major form of aggressive periodontal disease is known as juvenile periodontitis, which most commonly occurs in children and adolescents. Juvenile periodontitis can be broken further down into localized and generalized, depending on how much of the oral cavity is involved. Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
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This aspect may be overlooked since child patients usually only receive horizontal bite wings, so there is never a radiographic assessment of the anterior teeth in children, causing the disease to progress and later be found and diagnosed as adult periodontal disease once they are old enough to receive a full mouth series or a panoramic radiograph. While there may be deep periodontal probe readings, the gingiva usually gives no indication of disease, no swelling or gingival inflammation. Another common finding for a patient in the early stages of localized juvenile periodontitis is a low supragingival plaque score and no detectable accumulation of supra- or subgingival calculus. Juvenile periodontal disease is most commonly caused by “Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitan (Aa).” It is important to find and diagnose the signs of localized juvenile periodontitis because the rate of bone loss is three to four times faster than in chronic adult periodontal disease. Not catching this disease in time can result in young patients losing their maxillary and mandibular incisors and first molars (Dekker, 2007, p.…show more content…
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