Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) Essay

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Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)
There are different types of arthritis such as gouty arthritis which causes a swelling usually in the big toe, psoriatic arthritis that often occurs along with psoriasis and reactive arthritis which usually involves the eyes, urethra and joints. Juvenile arthritis is an umbrella term used to describe any form of childhood arthritis or arthritis-related conditions which affects people under 16 years old. The most common form of childhood arthritis is juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) which is also referred to as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Individuals who suffer from JRA experience stiffness and joint inflammation that result into swelling, warmth, soreness and redness of the joints. JRA, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), can affect any joint and the mobility of the affected joints might become limited and restricted due to the ongoing inflammation.
Causes of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
JRA is an example of an autoimmune disease or a condition where a person’s immune system incorrectly recognizes its own tissues and cells as foreign and consequently, attacks them. When this happens, the outcome is an inflammation characterized by heat, swelling, pain and redness that is JRA. The exact reason why the immune system commits that mistake is still unknown but the process apparently has two steps, as believed by researchers. The first step points that something in the genetic makeup of an individual influences JRA’s…