Kant And Kant 's Moral Philosophy Essay

1709 WordsOct 10, 20157 Pages
Approaches in Moral Philosophy Every moral philosopher has their own moral approach and method to arriving at a moral decision. This is an overview of Kant, Mill, Aristotle and Held 's moral approaches as well as their similarities and differences to each other. Kant 's main point in The Categorical Imperative is that the morality of one 's actions should be judged based on the motives behind the action. Kant also states that the only correct maxims are those which are universal laws. According to Kant, our maxims should be in accordance with universal laws, such as stealing and lying. If you say that you will not lie or steal, it is a good moral rule to live by and everyone should live by those rules, therefore, making them “universal laws”. Mill 's moral approaches are based around Utilitarianism. The purpose of utilitarianism is to maximize happiness and pleasure and minimize pain, therefore, it bases moral choices on their end results. There are two types of utilitarianism- act utilitarianism, which focuses on an individual’s actions and rule utilitarianism, which bases the morality of a decision on whether or not the decision abides by a general moral code. Aristotle believed that each moral situation needs to be treated as an individual and we should not apply the same moral law to every situation. Aristotle focuses on virtues and a person 's character. He believes that we are taught goodness and we become good people by practice and repetition of doing good.

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