Kant And Kant 's Theory

1368 Words Dec 16th, 2014 6 Pages
Chapter 11: Question 8
What can be known According to Kant?
Immanuel Kant (1731) was commonly known as the opponent of the utilitarianism. Kant believed that there are certain actions such as the murder, theft and lying that were prohibited regardless of the associated happiness that the action would bring. According to Kantian, there exist two questions, which human beings need to ask themselves before acting. One needs to rationalize, if everyone can act as he/ she proposes to act. If any case one gets no as an answer then such individual should not perform the intended act. Furthermore one also needs to consider whether his / her actions respect the human being goals or just merely using them for own selfish ambitions.
In addition, if no is the answer, then such action should not be undertaken. Kant’s theory is a good example of the deontological moral theory, which takes that the rightness, as well as wrongness of an action, depends on the fulfillment of our duties and not on their consequences. Kant further believed that there exist a supreme principle of morality which he categorized the categorical imperative. In accordance with Kant, a good person entails an individual who does his/ her duty since it is his / her duty. It is okay if they perform their duty with joy and even if they do not enjoy, they would still be doing the same. Conclusively to be a good person one need to be good for goodness sake. In consideration of the ethics of autonomy, Kant argues that,…

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