Kant : The Father Of Enlightenment

1071 Words5 Pages
Stanford Marquis
Essay 2

Kant: The Father of Enlightenment
The 18th Century is referred to as the Age of Reason or Enlightenment as it was during this period that reason and individualism was advocated as a means of power. Science and reason were revolutionizing society by challenging the facts deeply rooted in tradition. This new rational way of thinking used logic to arrive at conclusions. Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher, was one of the primary figures of this era that cultivated reason and whose works have revolutionized modern philosophy to this day and age.
The term ‘Enlightenment’ is used to describe this period because of Immanuel Kant’s essay,” Answering the Question: What is Enlightenment?” Kant states that,” Enlightenment is the human being’s emergence from his self incurred minority” (Kant). In other words, it is one’s way of surfacing by using one’s own mind. He believed that people’s laziness was to blame for them being left in the dark. It is easy to pay someone to think for them than to use their own minds. In order to be enlightened, he states that people must free themselves of their easy way of life and take control of their own individual reasoning. He also mentions that hindrances to a person’s enlightenment were far beyond their personal barriers. The laws of society and religion played a massive part in restricting an individual’s thought. Towards the end of the 18th Century, he believed that Europe was in an age of enlightenment where society was
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